Lice are small non-winged parasitic insects that live on the scalp. Lice are often difficult to detect because they are only 2-3 mm in size.  X A Trusted Source Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Going to a Head A close-up examination of the scalp and careful combing of hair are the only ways to control lice. It is easier to check another person, but you can also check yourself with the help of mirrors.
When to check lice
Check for itchy scalp. Itchy scalp is the most common symptom of parasites. However, itching can also be caused by dandruff and eczema of the scalp or an allergic reaction to hair care products such as shampoos.
Some people may not have itching even though they have lice. Itching can occur up to 6 weeks after the attack.
Some people may feel something moving or crawling on the skin of their head.
Check for white flakes on your head or hair. White flakes can be caused by lice, dandruff or eczema on the skin, but also by an allergic reaction to shampoos and other hair care products. However, these “flakes” can actually be just all eggs.
Dandruff commonly occurs on the entire hair. All eggs are usually closer to the head and are not as widespread as dandruff.
If such particles cannot be easily shaken or removed, they may be all eggs.
Explore lice clothes. Lice can also find refuge in clothing or bedding. They can’t fly, but they can jump long distances.
You can see small dots that look like light brown sesame seeds on clothes, bedding, skin or hair.
Find a strong light source. Natural light is good if it is not filtered through curtains or blinds. The lights in the bathroom are often bright. If you need more light, use a bright flashlight or a small table lamp.
Moisten your hair. You can soak your hair under a tap or spray. You can notice lice on both dry and wet hair, but many people notice it on the wet surface.
Working with wet hair is also easier. This allows you to better separate the individual strands and check the hair thoroughly.
Recognize adult lice. Adult lice are less visible, mainly because they move faster and do not like light. As you gradually separate the hair, adult lice can quickly move back to the hair, where they hide. Although the adult louse is very small, you should be able to see it, provided you can read the lowercase letters in the newspaper.
Adult lice are light brown in color and are the size of sesame seeds. Adult lice are often found near the scalp, in the hair just above and behind the ears, and on the part of the hair around the bottom of the neck.
Recognize all the eggs, called nits. The eggs are firmly attached, practically cemented with the hair. The eggs are yellow-brown in color (possibly bronze) and look like a small seed after hatching. Freshly laid eggs are shiny and are often found close to the skin.
Identify hatched nits. Once the brown hatches, the eggshell remains firmly attached to the hair and is clear.
Examination of hair from lice and nits
Start by dividing the hair into strands. Divide the hair into small strands and start combing it from the skin. Use either a comb with regular fine teeth or a comb for lice and comb each strand of hair. Start in the immediate vicinity of the head and continue to the ends. Comb through each strand several times.
Lice combs are available at drugstores. They are smaller than normal combs, but the teeth on it are much closer together to make lice easier to find.
Continue combing. Separate already combed hair from hair that you have not yet combed with a clip. Inspect the comb after each hair comb.
Examine the area around the ears and neck carefully. These are the places where adult lice are most common.
Grab the live louse between your thumb and forefinger. If you see something moving, try to catch it with your thumb and forefinger and then place it on a piece of white paper so that you can examine it in detail. You can compare the finding with pictures of lice from the Internet.
It is not dangerous to catch lice in your fingers. This way you can find out if the person really has lice.
Use a magnifying glass to identify lice. People of all ages get their things in their hair. By combing someone’s hair, you are likely to find dandruff, tangled hair, cloth and other good things that normally get into your hair. Nits will not be easy to comb because they are stuck to the hair. Use the magnifying glass to examine the tiny particles to be sure what it is.
Make sure you really have lice in your hair. Finding it out 100% is not an easy task, so ask someone for help. If you decide to check your hair yourself, follow the same basic steps. Everyone who lives in a household with a person who has lice should be checked.
Soak your hair. Lice and nits are visible on both wet and dry hair, but they are easier to examine on wet hair.
Make sure you have enough light. Bathroom lights are usually stronger than the lights in other rooms, and you also have a mirror in the bathroom. If necessary, you can use a small lamp.
Use a mirror. You need to thoroughly explore the areas behind and around your ears. Use the clip to put your hair back and position the mirror so that you can see the area you need to explore.
Put the mirror so that you can see the back of your neck. Carefully make sure that nothing is climbing and that the nits are not attached to the hair.
Use a comb with fine teeth or a comb for lice. To get the most out of your hair, you’ll need to comb through a few strands. Examine it for each pass of the hair comb. Separate the hair you have already examined from the others with a clip.
Be sure to focus on the area around your ears and the lower part of your neck. Examining yourself is very difficult, so focusing on the most likely places can help you determine if you have lice.
Watch the ridge carefully. You may need to use a magnifying glass each time it goes through the hair to examine the comb. You can use the magnifying glass to find out if it is tangled hair, textiles or other particles. The small “seed” shells will be firmly attached and will be difficult to remove, so it is possible that you will completely remove the entire hair follicle. This will allow you to examine the hair thoroughly and you have a chance to find out if you have lice or nits in your hair.
Getting rid of lice
Treatment of an infected person. You can start treatment with over-the-counter products. Follow the instructions carefully, including any safety recommendations.
Start by using old clothes. If there are any ingredients in the product that could damage your clothes, wear some old things. It is also necessary for the person to have their hair washed, but without the use of conditioner.
Follow the product instructions. Your doctor or pharmacist will help you find the right products. Once the person is treated with the product, check their hair after about 8-12 hours. If you still see lice, but they move slowly, the product still works. Continue removing dead lice and nits by combing.
Repeat the treatment if the lice have not completely disappeared. Examine your hair and see if there are still lice, as before, before treatment. If so, follow the instructions on the product package again.
Follow the instructions on the product if treatment needs to be repeated. You should treat your scalp again after one week. Most available products will advise you on how to proceed with such treatment. Your doctor or pharmacist will also be happy to provide you with information on recurring care and treatment for other family members.
Environmental treatment. Wash and dry all bed linen, towels and clothing that the person came in contact with 2 days before starting treatment. Use hot water and set the high temperature in the dryer.
Items that cannot be washed should be chemically treated or sealed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks.
Soak combs and brushes. Each time you use a comb or brush to remove lice and nits, soak it in hot water (at least 55 ° C) for 5-10 minutes.
Vacuum the floor and furniture. After leaving the person, lice live only 2 days. Nits are unable to climb if they are removed from the heat of the human body and die within a week.
Wash the laundry and soak the combs. Make sure you don’t give everyone a chance to come back. Therefore, wash all clothes and bedding in hot water. Seal items that cannot be washed in a plastic bag for 2 weeks. Soak combs and other hair accessories (clips, clips, etc.) in hot water for at least 5 minutes.
Also wash all soft objects, such as stuffed animals or pillows, in hot water.
Avoid sharing soft items. Lice often spread to children when they share clothing, hats, scarves or stuffed animals. Therefore, do not allow your child to share similar things with others.
Do not share soft objects with family members until all signs of infection have disappeared.
Continue to watch the infected person’s hair closely. Follow the combing instructions every 2-3 days for 2-3 weeks to make sure the person is not re-infected.
The child’s return to school. The day after a successful cure, your child may return to school. Do not leave your child at home for too many days due to the infection.
Make sure your child does not come into contact with other children’s heads at school.